Πέμπτη, 26 Μαΐου 2016

Acheron river



The Acheron is a river of Epirus region and crosses the prefectures of Ioannina, Thesprotia and Preveza.The sources of Acheron are many. The first springs from the snows of Mount Tomaros in Ioannina (maximum altitude of 1.986m), and other sources from the mountains and Souli Mountains Paramythia Thesprotia.
Significant resources are also those of Vouvopotamos village near Glyki. The Acheron flows into the Ionion Sea, the village of Ammoudia Preveza, where it forms a delta from which shaped the two main members of the region, the State of Splantzia and Valanidorrachis.
The Acheron because of tradition and environmental value attracts many visitors from the source up to its mouth. Its length amounts to 52 km while the water of irrigated 85,000 acres, of which 28,000 are in the Thesprotia and 57,000 in the prefecture of Preveza. Alternatively Acheron was known as Mafropotamos, Fanariote or Kamariotis river.


Mythology 


In ancient times believed that Acheron is the river that, the crossing of which is made according to ancient Greek mythology "psychopomp" Mercury delivering the souls of the dead to Charon to reach the kingdom of Hades.
Each soul passing through the ferry of Charon had to give from a donation for transportation, while noteworthy is the case of Menippos, whom Lucian mentions, as the only one that crossed the Acheron without pay. On his way to the river Acheron a junction with Pyriphlegethon and Kokytos, the modern village Mesopotamos, at the location of the ancient Oracle of Acheron. The competence of the Acheron Necromanteio was different from that of Delphi and Dodona.



His purpose was not to provide oracle but to facilitate the visitors to communicate with the souls of their deceased relatives. Acheron, Cocytus and Pyriphlegethon together formed the three rivers of Hades, all three with woefully names (Acheron = joyless, Pyriphlegethon = igneous, Cocytus = wailing) symbolizing grief and lamentations of death and giving the symbolism of fiery hell, as maintained and today the Christian religion.

According to tradition, the river water was bitter as a "ghost" (monster) who lived in the sources of poisoning the waters. St. Donatos (etymological origin from Aidonefs, Aidonatos, Agios Donatos), patron saint of the Metropolis of Paramythia Thesprotia, killed the ghost and Acheron waters were made sweet, so it was named the village Glyki.
An interesting feature of ancient Greek mythology which indicates the continuation of this in today's most popular tradition is this: In the titanic battle the Titans drank water from Acheron to quench event that caused the anger of Zeus who blackened and embittered the waters .



Homer in the "Odyssey" referring to the descent of Odysseus to Hades to know the seer Tiresias for his return to Ithaca detail describes the meeting point of Acheron with Pyriphlegethon and Kokytos:

… ἄραξ' ἐκεῖ τὸ πλοῖο σου στοῦ Ὠκεανοῦ τὴν ἄκρη,
καὶ στοῦ Ἅδη κίνησε νὰ πᾶς τ' ἀραχνιασμένο σπίτι,
Ἐκεῖ ὁ Πυριφλεγέθοντας στοῦ Ἀχέροντα τὸ ρέμα
κυλιέται μὲ τὸν Κωκυτὸ ποὺ πέφτει ἀπὸ τὴ Στύγα,

κι ὁ βράχος ποὺ βαρύβροντα τὰ δυὸ ποτάμια σμίγουν…

English

... Hang out 'there your ship on the oceans edge,
and Hades opened go t 'dust traps house,
There the Pyriflegethontas Acheron to the stream
rolled with Kokytos falling from the Styx,

and a rock which varyvronta two rivers mingle ...

But Sophocles in "Antigone" Acheron uses the name as a metonymy of Death when Julia goes to the punishment of moral debt:

…ἀλλά μ᾽ ὁ παγκοίτας Ἅιδας ζῶσαν ἄγει
τὰν Ἀχέροντος
ἀκτάν,οὔθ᾽ὑμεναίων ἔγκληρον,οὔτ᾽ἐπινύμφειός
πώ μέ τις ὕμνος ὕμνησεν,ἀλλ᾽ Ἀχέροντι νυμφεύσω…

English

... But with the pagkoitas Aidas zosan conduct
when Acheron
aktan, outhymenaion egkliron, outepinymfeios
I say with the hymn ymnisen but Acheron nymfefso ...

Acherousia lake


The Acherousia lake no longer exists. Drained in the 1960s by the British company Boots Ltd. The Acherousia is in mythology the "place of Hades" (the current valley of t. Fanari). Catches from Choika village to the sea and the Choika until Paramythia (the Elysian Fields - residues of daffodil). Crossed by the Acheron River and its tributaries and Pyriphlegethon Kokytos. Hades is the god and leader of the "underworld" that ruled the dead. Hades identified with Pluto and only once ascended to the upper world, to snatch Persephone. 
Here in Acherousia lake, river Acheron thought that there is one of the entrances to Hades (Gates of Hades). Charon (son of Erebus and the Night) was the boatman who was carrying the souls of the dead to Hades and was taking the donations that they put on the lips of the dead relatives.

On the precipice of Styx stood the guardian Cerberus was headed dog with a lion's tail that ended in a serpent and his hair and his body was full of snakes (in the currencies of Elea Thesprotia see Cerberus performances). Souls were presented in the court Hades (Hades, Minos, Rhadamanthus and Aeacus) deemed acts of the dead to life. In Homer's Odyssey, describes the descent of Odysseus to the underworld. In mythology, the underworld and descended: Orpheus, King of Thrace to bring back his wife Eurydice, Hercules, Theseus, etc. Lucian, satirist, the "funerary dialogues" written, graphically describes the entry of the dead to Hades. Charon: "Eff oh triskatarate ferries' Dead: «Ουκ αν λάβεις παρά του μη έχοντος…» << You can't take something from someone who has nothing>>

Πέμπτη, 21 Απριλίου 2016

Thessaloniki By Nigth


A magical evening in Thessaloniki beach. The above photo is pulled forward and beneath the white tower of Thessaloniki. August 2015.


Here we see the night lights from the beach in Thessaloniki, this is the right side of the beach and in the distance you can observe the image that is the white tower. This photo is pulled from the left side of the beach of Thessaloniki. August 2015.


In this photo we see one of the three boats that go to a sea walk in Thermaikos. With these boats do you see the beach of Thessaloniki and Thermaikos the day and night. August 2015.

Τετάρτη, 20 Απριλίου 2016

Valsamolado

The plant and its history
The wort is a low perennial with slightly woody stems and yellow flowers that bloom characteristics in peaks since June to September.
When light falls on them, showing translucent dots and red and black dots, which are colored essential oils and resins.

The balm the scientific name of which is Hypericum perforatum L. was known since antiquity for its medicinal properties. 
The Fathers of Science Medicine, Hippocrates and Dioscorides, the manufactured and used it for the healing of various patients. Characteristic properties of the balm is the use of the name "Embalming" meaning the embalming. O Galen and Dioscorides suggested as a diuretic, healing, emmenagogue and hemostat.

The Middle Ages were attributed magical properties to the plant, especially if the collection was on June 24, the day that marks the memory of John the Baptist.According to folk beliefs, the Hypericum herb was kicked out by the smell of evil spirits.In addition to therapeutic use, it has been used as a feedstock for the production of yellow and red dye intended for coloring wool and silk threads.

Pharmaceutical use

The yellow ray flowers beautiful of feverfew have the highest concentration of the most beneficial ingredients main ones hypericin, and hyperforin, which collaborate in increasing levels of transmitters in the brain, such as serotonin and noradrenaline. These neurotransmitters maintain normal mood and emotional stability (hence the expression balm my soul).
Hypericin substance also has an antiseptic effect against viruses and bacteria, helping to heal wounds and fight infections.
End to another of the component, the tannin, causing the astringent properties of the herb while flavonols reduce inflammation, helping to backaches.
Today by scientific confirmation of therapeutic value in combination with a minimum non-existent side effects man epanadiadothike usage globally.
It also contains flavonoids (16% in the leaves), xanthones, phenolic acids and traces of essential oils (0.13%). The plant in fresh form is considered more effective than dried.
In herbal shops, you will find the entire plant is dried, flowers or leaves. Holder also in capsules and tablets as such and contained in food supplements.
H form, proportions and methods of use of balsamic herb depend on the problem to be addressed and is completely personalized.
It is a powerful drug agent with serious contraindications, which for any reason can not use it if you have not previously consult doctor.

Properties - Uses



Outdoor use: When used externally has antiseptic and healing properties.
It is the number one healing wounds due to its ability to regenerate cells. Extremely effective for burns, bumps, bruises, inflammation, pimples, corns, insect bites, psyxeis, cramps, sprains, grips, skin diseases, neuralgia, hemorrhoids. It is also effective for rheumatism, sciatica and varicose veins. It is ideal for soothing, therapeutic and relaxing massage.

With spatholado do rubbing wounds, cuts or light rubbing the part that hurts. We can still apply and local patches soaked gauze. Tested on us with excellent results in the summer "burns" after the sea bath.
Combined with chamomilolado is ideal after sun. Try your babies without fear for rash and forget the soothing-healing creams.

Internal use: The spatholado known mainly for outdoor use, but has several healing properties when drunk. Particularly recommended for colitis, pains and sour stomach, ulcers, painful digestion and headaches. When you wake up from heavy drinking 1-2 tablespoons spatholadou soothe your stomach. Is considered to enhance the immune system and is rich in vitamin C. The sedge as an infusion or tincture of the drink and cold. Act effectively in cases and bronchial asthma. Used to treat mild depression and insomnia (and sedge decoction).

 EXAMPLE OF APPLICATION OF SPATHOLADOU

 In the region there is a problem, since the earlier flush thoroughly do spreadable with sufficient amount Valsamelaiou so this region to "lubricate". Then let the Balsam for a while (30-60 ') until it is absorbed. Using Valsamelaiou be done daily 2-3 times a day for a period up to eliminate such problem.

SIDE EFFECTS, CONTRAINDICATIONS, PRECAUTIONS AND NOTES

Pro can affect the metabolism of certain enzymes. Therefore, caution is needed when co-administered with other drugs. Also, because it affects the neurotransmitters it is not taken concurrently with antidepressants
The pregnant and nursing mothers should not take the favor in any form.
 

Because Hypericine (hypericin), contained in the plant is photosensitive substance consists after using spatholadou not following exposure to light because some skins may cause photosensitivity and photodermatitis reaction manifested by skin irritations, including the mouth, nose and ears. 

Using spatholadou be done daily and only for as long as necessary for the treatment of each case.
For individuals with hypertension use requires medical attention.
The possible appearance of sediment on the bottom of the bottle is a natural phenomenon.
 

Note 

The sedge is the "hospital" for many sick animals, birds and insects. Stopping wasteful by nature is like bombarding a hospital.

Do not also forget that this herb has been scientifically proven to help in various situations.

The valsamolado (spatholado-balm) obtained by extraction (exanthosmia) overground part, when the plant is in full bloom used externally or internally (as appropriate) for:


• Relief-inflammatory stimuli 
• healing various wounds (due to injuries or immobility in bed). 
• Burns 
• dermatitis 
• Fight hemorrhoids 
• Ulcers veins 

• Aches waist, 
• Sciatica 
• Muscle aches 
• lumbago 
• dislocation 
• rheumatism 
• Carpal Tunnel Syndrome 
• Insect bites 
• Astringent (Fighting diarrhea) 
• healing of gastric and stomach ulcers, 
• Gastritis 
• Internal Burning Fight (Anti-inflammatory) 
• Fight worms in the intestinal tract (anthelmintic) 
• Fight phlegm (Expectorant) 
• For the proper functioning of menstruation (emmenagogue) 
• Insomnia, 
• Treating Anxiety disorder 
• Mild and medium forms of depression and tranquilizer 
• Stimulation and restoration of the nervous system 
• Gives good mood and well-being while strengthening the immune system 
 

Δευτέρα, 18 Απριλίου 2016

Wild Olive

The plant (Tree)

The wild olive tree is a seedling from the olive fruit. The mainly found in uncultivated areas and is easily understood by the diversity of the wrist and the shape of its leaves. The harvested fruit is particularly difficult due to the small size and sparse appearance on the tree.

The wild olive oil other than the low acidity is richer in omega-3 and omega-6 fats. It also contains a higher percentage of oil protein, and elaiokanthali elaiasini, polyphenols present in olive fruit and impart valuable antioxidant properties of the oil.
The wild olive oil and after the investigations of recent years can classify the superfoods since the properties and benefits are valuable to the human body.

The Harvest
The harvesting of the fruit is very difficult (as listed above) is done exclusively by hand and export of wild olive oil immediately after a local certified mill by the method of cold pressing.We offer this unique superfoods as produces the Hellenic earth for many centuries in a special kalaisyiti packaging and always in limited quantities.


Σάββατο, 16 Απριλίου 2016

THESSALONIKI


Thessaloniki is the second most populous city and area of Greece. Often referred to as the co-capital of Greece. It is seat of the municipality, the Regional Unit of Thessaloniki, Region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.
Since its founding by the Thessaloniki Cassander as a prosperous Hellenistic city until Ottoman rule leverages its strategic position and developing a multicultural city. Since 1912, with the end of the Balkan wars and the integration of the region in modern Greek State, Thessaloniki is the second largest city of Greece.


The population of the agglomeration is currently estimated at 790 824 inhabitants (2011).

The foundation of the city in the Hellenistic period coincides with a critical phase in the history of the Macedonian Kingdom, starting from the early death of Alexander the Great and to claim the throne of the Macedonian king from his descendants.


General Cassander order to claim the throne of Macedonia married his half sister of Alexander the Great, Thessaloniki, in honor of which founded the city bringing together 26 townships located around the Thermaic Gulf. 2nd BC century the city was conquered by the Romans, like the rest of the Greek area and the headquarters of the Roman theme of Macedonia. The city's strategic location appears first when selected as Imperial capital during the reign of Galerius, when it was built in the imperial palace.

  
The importance of it appeared later than the intention of transferring the capital of the Roman Empire by Constantine the Great to the east, and was one of the candidate cities which had been suggested as a replacement Rome to Byzantium finally selected. Despite the non-selection as capital acquires the title of reigning city and during the Byzantine period.
After the Ottoman conquest by the Ottomans in 1432, remains in the Ottoman Empire for almost five centuries. With the expulsion of the Jews from the Iberian peninsula and North Europe, Thessalonica acquires its own Jewish community.

This installation of Jews in Thessaloniki, highlighted the city as the most important global Jewish metropolis until at least the early 20th century. Especially since the mid-19th century, the city was the most cosmopolitan astikopoioumeno center of the Ottoman Empire and the most important pole of political movements and movements met in the long history.

By joining the body of the Greek State in 1912, the city's population presents significant changes with the movement of the Muslim population and its replacement by refugee populations in Asia Minor and Eastern Thrace.
The population changes have contributed to changing the city's demographic situation by strengthening the Greek element. The urban and architectural reorganization accelerated by the Great Fire of 1917 and the efforts of the new Greek government to add ancient Greek and European elements in the architectural style of the city, which led to the destruction of several Ottoman religious and functional buildings.


The major population changes seen with the holocaust of flourishing Jewish community by Nazi troops between the triple occupation during the Second World War, with the establishment of the Asia Minor and Thracian refugee population after the Asia Minor disaster in 1922 and the internal migration observed during the 50s and subsequently to major urban centers.